Corruption is a form of dishonesty or criminal activity undertaken by a person or organization entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire illicit benefit, or, abuse of entrusted power for one’s private gain. Corruption may also include many other activities such as bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an index published annually by Transparency International since 1995 which ranks countries by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys. The CPI generally defines corruption as “the misuse of public power for private benefit”. The CPI ranks 180 countries on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt).
These are the top 10 most corrupt countries in Africa.
On Thursday, 23rd January 2020, Transparency International released its report for the most Corruption Perception Index 2019. The report ranks all countries from all over the world based on their probability of corruption in the public sector. As of now the top 10 in Africa ranked in order are:
Aside from major insecurity, corruption is also a plague in the country. Corrupt government officials tolerate illegal activities in return for bribes. Dysfunctional institutions facilitate an environment of lawlessness, and the absence of any form of regulatory framework hinders prospects of economic competitiveness. Somalia has a corruption perception index of 10. Business is based on patronage networks, and tight monopolies dominate the market.
2. South Sudan
The world’s youngest nation began on the wrong foot as corruption plagues every sector. Bribery is widespread in all sectors of the economy and close relations between the government and businesses are mentioned as a crucial factor in succeeding in business. The country’s judicial system is inefficient and is plagued by corruption and a culture of impunity.
The public services sector carries high corruption risks for business. More than a third of companies expect to give gifts or other irregular payments to government officials to obtain an operating license. South Sudan has a corruption perception index of 13.
Corruption is present in all sectors and across all branches and levels of government: public servants are known to demand bribes for services that individuals or companies are legally entitled to; government officials hold direct and indirect stakes in many enterprises, which distorts the market through patronage and cronyism; and the head of state and government is believed to have embezzled up to US$9 billion from oil revenues. With a corruption perception index of 16.
4. Equatorial Guinea
It is considered to be very rampant and among the worst of any country on earth. Transparency International has even gone ahead to consider corruption in the country as an almost perfect kleptocracy, a government that uses their power to exploit the people and natural resources of their own territory to extend their personal wealth.
While it is an economically stable country, it is the only nation in the world since 2008 to receive a zero score for budget transparency.
5. Guinea Bissau
Considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world, Guinea Bissau is plagued by drug trafficking, government opacity, and lack of public accountability.
The country’s anti-corruption legal and institutional frameworks are still considered inadequate to fight organized criminal objectives.
The state of corruption in the African state dates back to the rule of Muammar Gaddafi. Gaddafi’s regime received billions of dollars in bribes from wealthy corporations to make illegal deals in the energy sector.
Corruption in Libya remains rampant even after the revolution and the assassination of Gaddafi in 2011. Several reports show police officers engaging in malpractice including bribery, embezzlement, nepotism and extortion. Activists and media workers across the nation are also being silenced. Libya’s corruption Perception index is 17.
7. Democratic Republic of Congo
TI reports that the country’s president Felix Tshisekedi inherited a corrupt and inefficient state apparatus that struggles with its legitimacy and is embroiled in multiple deadly conflicts. Her corruption perception index is 19.
DRC is also being reported to have forms of neo-patrimonial governance and poor implementation of legal frameworks that strive to eliminate corruption.
Corruption risks in the Congo Republic are associated with conflict on interest over natural resources. The Congo basin is known to have one of the largest tropical rainforests in the world. The rainforests are now at risk of lacking preservation over corruption cases where the government is turning a blind eye, corruption perception index of 19.
The East African country is faced with problems such as that of few political rights, limited press freedoms and a weak rule of law. All of these problems have played a huge role in the rampant corruption being experienced in the country.
The country’s corruption index has, however, improved from 2018 when it only managed a score of 17 as compared to this year’s 19.
According to Transparency International, the recent exploration of oil is considered to have fuelled the resurgence of armed conflict and corruption as oil revenues have been misused by the government to strengthen its armed forces.
While the Chad government has taken measures to fight corruption, external observers see them as politically motivated and see no clear indications of a firm commitment to getting rid of corruption. She has a corruption perception index of 19.